On 11 November 1938, following Kristallnacht, Pope Pius XI joined Western leaders in condemning the pogrom. XI; Italian: Pio XI, 31 May 1857–10 February 1939), born Achille Ratti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 260th Pope from 1922 to 1939. Clement XI https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pius-xi, "Pius XI XI Achille Ratti 6.II.1922 - 10.II.1939. Forgot account? Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Pope Pius X would invite him to move to the Vatican in 1911, serving as the Vice-Prefect of its library. Ratti was ordained as a priest in 1875. D. Sewell (2002 edn) Catholics: Britain’s largest minority (London: Penguin), p. 76. 1,671 people follow this. Encyclopedia of World Biography. He was leery of capitalism due to the increasing interdependence of people in contemporary times. CriticalPast 10,177 views Pope Pius XI has, unjustly or not, a rather mixed reputation among many monarchists. or. Pope Pius XI. King of a radically inclusive kingdom Encyclopedia.com. They refused to leave the Vatican even for short visits. Later in 1937, after Adolph Hitler came to power in Germany, Pius XI denounced the Nazi government and it's practices. He supported the Fascist regime with certain qualifications, and in 1929 the government of Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty with the Vatican. Pope Pius XI, birth name Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, was the 259th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. Rome, Italy. After giving a final address covering the relationship between science and Catholicism, he retreated into convalescence. AKA Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti. Taught in the Milan seminary. The strong defence of parents and children offered by Pope Pius XI provides a clear contrast with the actions of Pope Francis, who has professed himself “gratified” by international goals that seek to acheive “universal access to sexual and reproductive health, including for family planning, information and education” (such terms include abortion and contraception) by 2030. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Its known that he reached the summits of the Matterhorn, Mont Blanc, Monte Rosa and Presolana. Pius’s pontificate, like his pre-papal career, was marked by great diplomatic activity, often aided by Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII). During his pontificate, he convened the First Vatican Council (1869-1870), which decreed papal infallibility. Pius XI is also discussed in Carlo Falconi, The Popes in the Twentieth Century (1967; trans. Pius XI's first encyclical as Pope was directly related to his aim of Christianising all aspects of increasingly secular societies. In response, the Nazis organised mass demonstrations against Catholics and Jews in Munich, and the Bavarian Gauleiter Adolf Wagner declared before 5,000 protesters: "Every utterance the Pope makes in Rome is an incitement of the Jews throughout the world to agitate against Germany." Pope Pius XI, birth name Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, was the 259th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. After he died in 1958, Pope Pius XII was succeeded by John XXIII. "Pius XI However, the date of retrieval is often important. Pope Pius XI’s message in Divini Redemptoris (also known as On Atheistic Communism) is addressed to the Church’s leadership worldwide. High School in Kattanam, Kerala, India. If a Secretariat of State headed by the future Pope Pius XII could enter so disastrous a deal as the Reichskonkordat, we can only imagine the dangers of similar efforts by a 2020 diplomatic corps. Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti; Pope of the Missions; Profile. Anderson, Robin, Between two wars: the story of Pope Pius XI (Achille Ratti, 1922-1939), Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1977. Paul VI His ascension coincided with Benito Mussolini's rise to power in Italy, causing constant conflict with the Fascist government. Contents. Xi’s Pope Declan Leary. ." He encouraged plans for developing an indigenous clergy to replace the foreign missionaries. For the first time the word "Laicism" (which means irreligious teaching) is to be found in a Pontifical document; it is the fatal and sought for result of both the Masonic doctrine and its direct action. 1,130 check-ins. He re-affirmed the notion that Christian matrimony is the basis of life and and anyone who sought to stop its progress was acting sinfully. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Pius XI (1857-1939) was pope from 1922 to 1939. XI; Italian: Pio XI, 31 May 1857–10 February 1939), born Achille Ratti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 260th Pope from 1922 to 1939. Born: 31-May-1857 Birthplace: Desio, Italy Died: 10-Feb-1939 Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: Heart Attack Gender: Male Religion: Roman Catholic Race or Ethnicity: White Occupation: Religion, Head of State Nationality: Italy Executive summary: Signed Lateran Treaties with Mussolini Father: Francesco Ratti (silk weaver, b. Pope Pius XI was born on May 31, 1857 in Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire as Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti. 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