What is a dangling modifier? At the beginning of a sentence, phrases that start with a verb ending in -ing or -ed are often guilty of dangling: Topped with pepperoni and covered with extra cheese, the children devoured the pizza. Change the dangling construction into a complete clause. A modifying word or phrase “dangles” when it doesn’t apply to the word it’s supposed to modify. Having lost the job, the house had to be sold.Correction: Having lost the job, he had to sell the house. Making discoveries about new creatures, this is an interesting time to be a biologist. The dangling modifier appears to modify the wrong noun, and the sentence does not have the subject the modifier intends to modify.). Hire a Writer (Can a trip be unhappy and disappointed? Make sure the modifier and noun go together logically. So, that’s all about dangling modifiers. Correction:To make your employees happy, companies should give monthly bonuses. Do you notice your own dangling modifier errors, and how do you deal with them? “Reading the regulations” is a dangling modifier. A dangling modifier typically appears in the introductory phrase of a sentence but is linked to the incorrect word, clause or phrase. This is true with dangling modifiers and other problematic modifiers. Because the word “peace” follows the modifier and takes place of the correct subject, it appears as if “peace” was meditating. Having lost the job, the house had to be sold. Generally, they are participles phrases, infinitive phrases, or prepositional phrases. Another solution—often a clunky one—is to add some clarification to the opening phrase: This option is less than ideal and can turn the opening phrase into an unwieldy dependent clause. Why not? The easiest way to correct a dangling modifier is to simply add the subject of the dangling modifier in the sentence. Bent over backward, the posture was very challenging. By rearranging the sentence and putting the modifier at the end rather than the beginning, it is now understood that the phrase modifies “Vincent Van Gogh” rather … The above example shows how a dangling modifier can result in meaningless sentences. The same thing happens with it too. Revision: While running from the crime scene, the armed robber was shot by the police. However, it is not easy to use the modifiers in some of the compositions and you must learn some basic principles to avoid making grammatical mistakes in your speech and writing. The plate was not expensive. While dangling modifiers often result in sentences that cause a giggle, they also muddle a person’s writing and make the writer’s meaning unclear. We have added HE to the sentence. It’s describing that. More often than not, dangling modifiers appear in the form of a participle phrase. Steps to identify a dangling modifier in a sentence: 1. You can find sample answers below the image at the bottom of this post. They are not like misplaced modifiers, it is a dangling modifier that cannot be corrected. Since the doer of the action expressed in the participle has not been clearly stated, the participial phrase is said to be a dangling modifier. Correct a dangling modifier in one of two ways: 1. 1. There is nothing else that can be shifted near to the modifier and correct the sentence. But the sentence does not make any sense. While James was walking to school, a road accident caused panic among the pedestrians. Verb Forms. Ideally, they should be directly next to the thing being modified, either before or after, sometimes with a helping verb. Verbs Ending in -ing or -ed. A modifier A word or phrase that qualifies the meaning of another element in a sentence. Corrections:After finishing the papers, we will close the school. Dangling modifiers often occur at the beginning of a sentence. One way to correct a dangling modifier is to add a noun phrase that the modifier can logically describe. How do you find a dangling modifier? (The gift can’t have a heavy heart. We value your privacy. In this sentence, Having lost the job is an introductory modifier (a participle phrase) that appears to modify the subject of the sentence THE HOUSE. Misplaced Modifiers. The second way to correct a dangling modifier is to change the modifying phrase or word into a clause. Playing a guitar in the bedroom, the cat was seen under the bed. A dangling modifier can be fixed in a number of ways. In our haste to keep up with our own brains, we write sentences which are less than perfect. How to avoid and correct dangling modifiers. Because the researched require more participants to validate the research, an additional 20 people from the same organization were contacted. Sometimes it works to flip the sentence around, though even then you may have to ad… Either order is acceptable here, as "was" is a helping verb that's considered part of the modifier. Can umbrellas go out? Relate it with a dangling modifier. Walking in the dark, the picture fell off the wall. The dog cannot read the regulations; the word(s) that “reading the regulations” modifies have been omitted. Dangling and misplaced modifiers are considered as one of the most common errors which we make in our language. It will be easiest for you to understand the problem of the dangling modifier if I show you some examples. To become a practicing medical doctor, many difficult exams have to be passed. The best solution is to make sure that the right subject starts the main clause: 2. The sentence will not have anything that the modifier can modify or intends to modify. Now it is clear who was shot and who did the shooting. ✔️After we finish the papers, the school will close. Drinking a beer, the feeling was a familiar one. ✔️. 1. Incorrect. Fasting for the last twenty days, he achieved a significant weight loss. is a word, phrase, or clause that clarifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause. A dangling modifier like this can be fixed either by rewriting the main clause in active voice, or by revising the introductory phrase. While walking to school, a road accident caused panic among the pedestrians. Driving up the rock-strewn mountain, the tire went flat. The modifier needs to be moved next to the word it is modifying. In a correct sentence, the doer or subject that is modified appears right after the comma. Painting for three hours at night, Maggie finally finished the kitchen. There are two ways to correct a dangling modifier: 1. Dangling Modifier Exercise. But can the house (the subject) really do an action? The first step to figuring how to fix dangling modifiers is understanding what a modifier actually is. 1. I’m out! Here is my YouTube video that explains dangling modifiers: For more examples of dangling modifiers, refer to chompchomp. Specifically, modifiers can cause confusion or unintentional humor in a sentence when they are placed too far from the noun they are modifying. Let’s look at ways to correct the example sentences listed above: 1. Typically, a dangling modifier comes in the form a phrase or clause at the beginning or end of a sentence. Here are the two most commonly used methods to fix dangling modifiers; A simple method of fixing a dangling modifier is to add the subject in the introductory phrase of the sentence, without making any change to the main clause. If you are a writer, then your main aim or focus should be on the distance that separates the modifier from its actual target. A dangling modifier, in most cases, is a result of writing the main clause in passive voice. He, having lost the job, had to sell the house. The sentence perfectly makes sense. Making just $50 per week with the current employer, a new job had to be found. After completing the course, proofreading was easy. Checking in the mirror, the makeup looked good. We use cookies which you can view and control. C hange the main part of the sentence so that it begins with the term actually modified. Another way to correct this grammatical error is to make the modifier part of a dependent clause . We can go out. Let’s find out! It is unclear if the handbag belongs to a cream woman or if the handbag is cream. In general, a "dangling" sentence, phrase, or clause, is one that is not a complete sentence and requires something else to make it complete. ✔️Since I did not know the place, it was difficult to get there.✔️, Corrections:Not having done the research properly, we got the experiment failed dramatically.✔️Because the research was not done properly, the experiment failed dramatically. 2. Let’s correct it.). ✔️, Corrections:Without knowing the place, I found it difficult to get there. Corrections:Requiring more employees in the company, the company increased the advertisement budget. My new girlfriend ordered an expensive plate of lobster at the restaurant last night. Having finished the assignment, Jill turned on the TV. 2. (Inspired by the life of Mike Tyson is the dangling modifier; it does not modify anything in the sentence. The movie is getting modified wrongly. ✔️, Corrections:Helping a lady find her children, I saw the train leaving the station. 8 Answers. When a sentence begins with a participial phrase or infinitive phrase, use these steps to tell if the phrase is dangling. Dangling modifiers are amongst the most difficult grammatical errors for any writer to avoid. Want to test what you learned? In other words, add a subject of the modifier. Rewrite the following the sentences onto your own sheet of paper to correct the dangling modifiers. So, we need to have a subject that can perform the action in the modifier. To make your employees happy, monthly bonuses should be given. The sentence has to be rearranged. 2. You can replace it with any other pronoun or person’s name. Here are some examples of dangling modifiers—and some ways to fix them. To become a practicing medical doctor, you must pass many difficult exams. If they do not, it is very likely you have a dangling modifier. DANGLING MODIFIER CORRECT 4. They are not living beings. How do you identify a dangling modifier in a sentence? Dangling modifier definition: a dangling modifier is a modifier (a word or a phrase) that doesn’t modify anything in a sentence; it misses the word or words it intends to modify or can possibly modify. However, when the intended subject of the modifier is not present in the sentence, and another subject takes its place, it is called a dangling modifier or a hanging modifier. rewrite this sentence to correct any dangling/misplaced modifiers? In the above sentence, the correct subject (Mike) of the modifier is missing from the main clause. Correct. Struggling with his injury, he couldn’t hit the home run. No, it’s not a human being.). How to Fix Dangling Modifiers in Your Writing. Incorrect: Reading the regulations, the dog did not enter the park. In the corrected sentence, the subject, John, appears right after the comma to give meaning to it. "Having finished" states an action but does not name the doer of that action. CORRECT DANGLING MODIFIER 6. In the above example, the dangling modifier is fixed by including the subject in the introductory phrase, and so it gives a correct indication of who is performing the action. We have changed the participle phrase into a dependent clause. DANGLING MODIFIER CORRECT 7. Modifiers need to be as close as possible to what they're modifying. So how to correct the sentence? Before going out in the rain, some umbrellas must be carried. With adjectives I was on my way to work and noticed a cream woman’s handbag in the gutter. Ensure that the modified noun is correct. Revision: Today, people all over the world revere the paintings of Vincent Van Gogh, an artist who was not successful during his lifetime. Dangling modifiers always come at the beginning of a sentence. Supply the noun or pronoun that it should modify and place the modifier next to the word. Bent over backward, the posture was very challenging. It was the lobster. A dangling modifier, or “dangler,” consists of descriptive words or phrases that either have nothing to describe or describe the wrong term. Strategies for revising dangling modifiers: 1. Read more about dangling modifiers On the other hand, when the subject being modified is missing from the sentence and another subject replaces it, the introductory phrase becomes a dangling modifier. Making just $50 per week with the current employer, she had to find a new job. So, the modifier becomes dangling: hanging in the sentence without the word or words it intends to modify. Change the dangling modifier into a dependent clause! Fortunately, correcting them is a simple matter, and the result is writing that’s more concise and easier to read. Checking in the mirror, the makeup looked good. 2. ✔️While I was helping a lady find her children, the train left the station. Correct them according to the methods just shown. Now, the modifier is describing the subject HE; it’s telling us in what state he had to sell the action. Because the sentences they are in don’t have the subject they intend to modify. 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